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INASP Directory of Free and Open Access Online Resources


1. Subject Specific

Academic Info 
A subject directory of Internet resources tailored to the university community. Each subject guide provides an annotated listing of the best general sites as well as specialised and advanced tools.

African Journals OnLine (AJOL)
A programme of INASP - the International Network for the Availability of Scientific Publications - AJOL promotes the awareness and use of African-published journals in the sciences, medicine, agriculture, humanities and social sciences by providing access to tables of contents (TOCs) and abstracts on the Internet, links to full text (if available) plus document delivery of paper articles, subsidised (to less developed countries). AJOL already includes 200 journals published in Africa. Journals are accepted on the basis of their quality of content and proven record of regular publication.

Berkeley Electronic Press (bepress)
The Berkeley Electronic Press (bepress) makes its current journals freely available to researchers in the developing world. Interested parties should send a request on institutional letterhead. Details of titles can be found at

Bioline International
Bioline International is a not-for-profit electronic publishing service committed to providing access to quality research journals published in developing countries. Explicit goal of reducing the South to North knowledge gap. Publishes in the following areas: health (tropical medicine, infectious diseases, epidemiology, emerging new diseases), biodiversity, the environment, conservation and international development. Features 30 peer-reviewed journals from Brazil, Cuba, India, Indonesia, Kenya, South Africa, Uganda, Zimbabwe. Many journals are available
free of charge.

BUBL Information Service 
A national (UK oriented) information service for the higher education community. Links to over 10,000 quality Internet resources covering all subject areas, and sub-divided by type. Search or browse. Excellent for tracking down UK institutions.

Cooperative Africana Microform Project (CAMP)  
A joint effort by research libraries throughout the world and the Center for Research Libraries (CRL) to promote the preservation of publications and archives of Sub-Saharan Africa and make these material materials available to researchers in microform.

Cooperative African Newspapers Project 
A new project to create an electronic database of holdings information for newspapers (all formats and all languages) published in sub-Saharan Africa. Initially it will consolidate holdings information for collections in North America, but will later expand to include holdings of libraries in Africa, Europe, and elsewhere. The project is sponsored by the Africana Librarians Council (ALC) of the [US] African Studies Association, and the Cooperative Africana Microform Project (CAMP) of the Center for Research Libraries (CRL).

Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
Developed by Lund University Libraries and supported by the Information Program of the Open Society Institute ( along with SPARC (The Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition, (, the directory contains information on open access journals, i.e. quality controlled scientific and scholarly electronic journals that are freely available on the web. There are now 1148 journals in the directory of which 310 journals are searchable on article level with 54661articles are included in the DOAJ service. The service will continue to grow as new journals are identified.

Directory of Published Conference Proceedings
Since 1965, InterDok has identified resulting material from 280,000+ conferences, congresses, meetings & symposia. The database can be searched free, but the proceedings are not available in full text for free.

Eldis is an internet based information service: filtering, structuring and presenting development information via the web and email. It maintains an ever-growing library of editorially selected and abstracted online documents, and an organisational directory of development-related internet services. 

Electronic Journal Miner
Search for e-journals at this site using keywords, or browse e-journals by title or by LC subject headings; you can limit searches to (i) free publications, (2) peer-reviewed publications. Hosted by the Colorado Alliance of Research Libraries. The database currently contains 6,960 titles. An excellent resource.

Electronic Journals Library
The Electronic Journals Library is a service offered by the University Library of Regensburg to facilitate the use of scholarly journals on the Internet. At the moment, it contains 19540 titles, among them 2195 online-only journals, covering all subjects. 7414 journals can be read free-of-charge. Currently 264 libraries and research institutions make use of this service

Electronic Supply of Academic Publications to and from universities in developing regions' (ESAP)
A project of the International Association of University Presidents (IAUP) in cooperation with the International Federation of Catholic Universities (IFCU), SAP aims to set up a sustainable electronic document delivery systems for scholarly publications between universities in the North and the South as well as on a South-South basis, and thus assist in the supply of academic publications to as well as from the developing world.

E-LIS is an open access archive for scientific or technical documents, published or unpublished, on Librarianship, Information Science and Technology, and related disciplines. It offers free access to "e-prints in library and information science" research papers.

FreeForAll is a consortium of North American libraries that provides free journal articles to patrons/librarians in developing and less developed nations. To register please email Ordering is done through PubMed.

Google Scholar 
Google Scholar enables you to search specifically for scholarly literature, including peer-reviewed papers, theses, books, preprints, abstracts and technical reports from all broad areas of research. Use Google Scholar to find articles from a wide variety of academic publishers, professional societies, preprint repositories and universities, as well as scholarly articles available across the web."

Information Literacy - Sources of Information  
From Sköde University Library in Sweden, this is a valuable and substantial collection of Web sites and resources devoted to information literacy, including information literacy education, instruction, tutorials, standards, models, programmes, and more. Links are grouped by Web sites, articles/conference papers/monographs, bibliographies, and mailing lists and discussion forums.
The journals and newsletters listed here all include at least a sample of papers or news items that are freely accessible. Sites that simply provide the contents lists of journals that are not freely accessible are not listed.

Information Management Resource Kit (IMARK) is an e-learning initiative in agricultural information management developed by FAO and partner organisations.It aims to train individuals in the effective management of agricultural information.IMARK learning materials are being developed as a series of modules on CD-ROM available free of charge, supplemented by an Internet-based online community, providing a virtual discussion forum for contributors and learners to exchange views, share information and request help from each other. Modules currently available: Management of Electronic Documents;Investing in Agricultural Information; Building Electronic Communities and Networks; Digitization and Digital Libraries.

Nordic Africa Institute/Nordiska Afrikainstitutet (NAI) 
Encourages and conducts scientific research and studies on Africa in the Nordic countries and promotes co-operation between African and Nordic researchers. Maintains an extensive library and documentation centre, which can be accessed from its website

Online Books
Founded and edited by John Mark Ockerbloom and hosted by the University of Pennsylvania Library, Online Books is a website that facilitates access to 20,000 books that are freely readable over the Internet. It also aims to encourage the development of such online books, for the benefit and edification of all. Users can search and browse by New Listings, Author, Title and Subject.

Open Access Bibliography: (PDF) Liberating Scholarly Literature with E-Prints and Open Access Journals presents over 1,300 selected English-language books, conference papers (including some digital video presentations), debates, editorials, e-prints, journal and magazine articles, news articles, technical reports, and other printed and electronic sources that are useful in understanding the open access movement's efforts to provide free access to and unfettered use of scholarly literature. Most sources have been published between 1999 and August 31, 2004; however, a limited number of key sources published prior to 1999 are also included. Where possible, links are provided to sources that are freely available on the Internet (approximately 78 percent of the bibliography's references have such links).This bibliography has been published as a printed book (ISBN 1-59407-670-7) by the Association of Research Libraries (ARL). 

Open J-Gate
The World's Largest Open Access English Language Journals Portal - OPEN J-Gate is an electronic gateway to global journal literature in open access domain. Open J-Gate provides seamless access to millions of journal articles available online, with links to full text at publisher sites.

Pinakes: A Subject Launchpad 
Hosted by Heriot-Watt University in Edinburgh, this is a useful shortcut bringing together links to 38 of the principal, high-quality subject gateways, together with 10 multi-subject gateways.

Portal LivRe!
Nuclear Information Center (Brazil) maintains a portal to ease the identification and access to free journals available on the Internet. It is the Portal LivRe! (Free ! ), nowadays registering 2,525 free journals. There is a multi-lingual search interface allowing the use of Portuguese, English and Spanish.

Project Gutenberg
This project digitises books which are in the public domain and puts them online free of charge. It was founded in 1971 and has so far published 7,500 e-books. Gutenburg is aiming for 10,000 by the end of this year and a million by the end of 2016. Please visit this website to view the e-books

Renardus-Gateway Focus  
Renardus allows users to find Internet resources selected according to quality criteria and carefully described by Subject Gateways from several European countries. The Renardus partner gateways cover about 64000 predominantly digital web-based resources from within most areas of academic interest, mainly written in English.

Réseau électronique francophone (REFER)  
This guide and network offers a very large number of links - searchable by subject or geographically - to information about the countries of the South - particularly francophone Africa - including educational institutions, research organisations, media, cultural sites, etc.

Resource Discovery Network  
The Resource Discovery Network (RDN) is a free Internet service dedicated to providing effective access to outstanding Internet resources, primarily aimed at users in further and higher education. A series of resource catalogues contain descriptions of high-quality Internet sites, selected and described by specialists from within the UK academia and affiliated organisations. Various value-added services, such as Web tutorials, subject-specific training materials, and alerting services, are also provided to enable users to make the best use of the Internet. The RDC is co-ordinated by the Resource Discovery Network Centre (RDNC) at the University of Bath, and King's College London.

Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC) 
SPARC is an alliance of academic and research libraries and organisations working to correct market dysfunctions in the scholarly communication system. Developed by Association of Research Libraries (ARL) SPARC serves as a catalyst for change. Its pragmatic focus is to facilitate the emergence of systems that capitalise on the networked environment to disseminate research. Its strategies expand competition and support open access to address the high and rising cost of scholarly journals, especially in science and technology, and medicine – a trend which inhibits the advancement of scholarship.

Survey of Scientific and Technological Information Needs in Less-Developed and Developing Countries
This International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions, Section of Science and Technology Libraries Web sitebrings together journal articles, publications, reports, conference proceedings, research, and Web sites on the needs of scientific and technological libraries in less-developed and developing countries. The literature survey includes both the activities of scientific and technological libraries as well as the needs of scientists and technologists and the implication on libraries. Due to its multi-disciplinary nature and the number of publications, this survey cannot include all relevant literature; its aim is to include representative literature covering all pertinent aspects and disciplines. Geographic coverage includes Africa, Asia, and South America. Languages concentrate on the five official IFLA languages: English, French, German, Russian, and Spanish. The literature search focuses on the fields of library and information science, and the subject disciplines of computer science, physics, chemistry, mathematics, astronomy, and geology

The UNESCO catalog lists over 100,000 UNESCO documents and provides access to the full text of many of these.



See also Agriculture and Related Subjects 

INASP Rural Development Directory
This Directory provides access to a wide range of information on rural development. It contains profiles of more than 450 international, regional and national networks and organisations around the globe, and is particularly concerned to promote South-South information dissemination and interchange. Each entry provides contact details and a brief description of the organisation, highlighting its objectives, activities, subject areas of interest and geographical coverage.

Public Intellectual Property Resource for Agriculture (PIPRA)
PIPRA is a non-profit organization committed to the strategic management of agricultural intellectual property developed by universities and research institutions world-wide, encouraging the broadest commercial and humanitarian applications of agricultural technologies for the development of improved crops. PIPRA offers a wide number of services supportive of the management of agricultural intellectual property, access to ag-biotechnologies, and development of biotechnology research tools and products. PIPRA's publicly available, on-line IP database consolidates information, including licensing availability, of agricultural technologies accessible for research and development.


American Society for Microbiology (ASM)
The eleven journals of the American Society for Microbiology are now available full-text online without cost through PubMedCentral. Embargo periods range from 6-12 months.

Compiled by staff at the Library of Ecology, the National Resource Library of Biological Sciences at Lund University in Sweden, this is a portal to "our 1,000 best links in the biological sciences." Search, or browse by 11 broad subject categories in the biological sciences, which are divided into sub-groups showing the number of links for each.

BioOne is the product of collaboration between scientific societies, libraries, academe and the private sector and brings to the Web an aggregation of the full-texts of high-impact bioscience research journals. Most of BioOne's titles are published by small societies and non-commercial publishers, and, until now, have been available only in printed form. BioOne provides integrated, cost-effective access to a thoroughly linked information resource of interrelated journals focused on the biological, ecological and environmental sciences.

E-BioSci is EMBO's initiative to set up a platform providing services relating to access and retrieval of digital information in the life sciences, ranging from bibliographic or factual data to published full text.

Electronic Journal of Biotechnology
Electronic Journal of Biotechnology is an international scientific electronic journal which publishes papers from all areas related to Biotechnology. Coverage ranges from molecular biology and the chemistry of biological process to aquatic and earth environmental aspects, as well as computational applications, policy and ethical issues directly related to Biotechnology. EJB operates a policy that permits the widest possible distribution of information and use, without profit and free of charge by the scientific and academic community.

Established in 1988 as a national resource for molecular biology information, NCBI creates public databases, conducts research in computational biology, develops software tools for analysing genome data, and disseminates biomedical information - all for the better understanding of molecular processes affecting human health and disease.

Journal of Biology
The Journals of Biology is a new international journal, published by BioMed Central, which provides immediate open access to research articles of the highest standard, similar to those published by Nature, Science or Cell. Unlike the latter, all research articles published in Journal of Biology will be permanently available free of charge and without restrictions, ensuring the widest possible dissemination of the work.

Journal of Insect Science
Publishes papers in all aspects of the biology of insects and other arthropods from the molecular to the ecological, and their agricultural and medical impact. An international journal published by the University of Arizona Library. Freely available to individuals and institutions via the Web. No cost inclusion of colour figures, videos, sound and large data sets.

PubMed Central
PubMed Central is an open access web-based archive of journal literature for all of the life sciences. It is being developed by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) at the U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM).


American Chemical Society  
The world's largest scientific society, is broadening access to research articles published in its 33 scholarly journals. The Society is introducing two new experimental policies, coming into effect during 2005, that define how readers can view free digital versions of ACS articles beginning one year after publication. Unrestricted access via author-directed links 12 months after publication are to be provided in addition to the 50 free e-prints currently allowed during the first year of publication.

Analytical Chemistry Web Resources
A compilation of resources (by Ghirma Moges) useful to support teaching and research in the field of analytical chemistry, including technical and specialised databases, encyclopaedias and dictionaries, journals, university departments, organisations, societies, chemical companies and manufacturers, news sources, and much more. There is also a special section devoted to 'Chemistry in Africa' with links to educational and research materials, online textbooks, and other tools and resources for students.

Chemistry Preprint Server
ChemWeb's chemistry preprint server is a freely available and permanent Web archive and distribution medium for scientific research articles in the field of chemistry. It allows users to submit their articles to the server where they become accessible to all the members of Membership is free.

Crystallography Online
The datasets associated with journals published by the Union of Crystallography (IUCr) can be accessed free of charge from its website. Through Crystallography Online IUCr aims to provide extensive coverage of current and internet-based information concerning crystallography and of interest to crystallographers. This includes access to over 50 wide ranging specialist subject databases.

International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Provides an advanced forum for chemistry, molecular physics (chemical physics and physical chemistry) and molecular biology. Publishes reviews, regular research papers and short notes. Encourages scientists to publish their theoretical and experimental details in as much detail as possible - there is no restriction on the length of the papers. Free to access to all users in its electronic format.

An internet journal of synthetic chemistry and natural product chemistry. Reviews, regular research papers and notes are considered. Our aim is to encourage chemists to publish as much as possible their experimental detail, particularly synthetic procedures and characterisation information. There is no restriction on the length of the experimental section. Free access to all articles to all users, online.

A cluster of databases on toxicology, hazardous chemicals, and related areas with free to access abstracts plus links to a range of related NLM sites.

WWW Chemistry Guide
Comprehensive and evaluated guide to web sites related to chemistry and the chemical industry. Its mission consists in collecting and independently annotating all useful chemistry sites.


Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN)  
CIESIN is a centre within the Earth Institute at Columbia University. CIESIN works at the intersection of the social, natural, and information sciences, and specialises in on-line data and information management, spatial data integration and training, and interdisciplinary research related to human interactions in the environment. CGSD (Center for Globalization and Sustainable Development) and CIESIN Data Sets are available on

ICSU Navigator for Primary and Scientific Publications - Earth Sciences 
This gateway site covers all disciplines in the earth sciences and contains descriptions of nearly 1,500 titles. Search capabilities include context and keyword search. There is also a links section to publishers most active in the earth sciences field.


The Online Computing Research Repository (CoRR) serves as a single repository to which researchers from the whole field of computing can submit papers and reports to increase visibility and access. Available to all members of the community at no charge.

EEVL: The Internet Guide to Engineering, Mathematics and Computing
This portal provides quick access to the best engineering, mathematics, and computing information sources available on the Internet. Resources were selected, catalogued, classified and subject-indexed by a team of experts and information specialists.

Engineering Information Sources and Access - EISA-2 
Eisa-2 is a quick Web access tool designed for engineering students, particularly for upper division undergraduates, containing basis sources, search techniques, and tools that every graduating engineer should know, together with self-paced tutorials. In addition the program is also well suited for beginning graduate students, practising engineers, and anyone interested in learning how to effectively search for information on the Web in engineering-related disciplines.

National Information Service for Earthquake Engineering (NISEE)
Based at UC Berkeley, this is an online collection of abstracts, reports, books, slides and images free to access. Large selection of software programmes available for free download.

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)
The US Department of Commerce, National Technical Information Service (NTIS) has begun electronic delivery of all its reports dating to 1997. Reports numbering fewer than 20 pages are free; those over 20 pages are $8.95. The scanned reports appear in Adobe PDF.


'Conservation and Society'  is a peer-reviewed interdisciplinary journal that aims to promote work on the theory and practice of conservation. The journal is dedicated to publishing work from both natural and social sciences and covers basic and applied research. The journal is committed to disseminating information in the developing world. Free online access is available for all articles and hard copy subscriptions are highly subsidised for Asia, Africa and Latin America.

Environmental Health Perspectives
EHP is an open access journal, supported by the US National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, publishing peer-reviewed research and news on environmental factors which affect human health, environmental health science, toxicology, environmental health care and environmental/occupational medicine. EHP is freely available to everyone online immediately after publication.

EPA - Environmental Protection Agency
Access to scientific information that may be useful in understanding and protecting the environment including access to research publications and technical documents, test methods, data, software, models, and other scientific tools plus access to laboratories, research centres, and other EPA scientific organisations.

See also Resource Management


HUMBUL-Humanities Bulletin Board  
The Humbul Humanities Hub provides a searchable catalogue of online Humanities resources as part of the Resource Discovery Network. The Humbul Humanities Hub discovers, evaluates and catalogues online resources in the humanities of use to students, teachers and researchers in UK higher and further education. Currently Humbul has 29 top-level subjects, including African and Latin American Studies, History, Philosophy, Archaeology and Religion & Theology

Voice of the Shuttle  
This is a good starting point for humanities research and Internet resources. Search or browse by broad subject groups; also university home pages, libraries and museums, reference resources, journals, publishers, and more; maintained by Alan Liu, University of California at Santa Barbara.


Association for Information Systems
All university libraries in countries not listed in the World Bank's list of high income economies can be granted free subscriptions to the high-quality electronic journals Communications of AIS ( and the Journal of AIS.

Bellanet Initiative  - Global Development Connections
The Bellanet initiative works with the development community to use ICTs more effectively to broaden collaboration, increase participation, and transparency of action of facilitate the diffusion of lessons learned.

Current Cites 
Good annotated online bibliography of selected articles, books, and digital documents on information technology; also offers an article search.

Electronic Journal on Information Systems in Developing Countries (EJISDC) 
A publication by the City University of Hong Kong in association with two Dutch universities, this journal is dedicated to the problems and opportunities in information systems in developing countries—and to assist policy makers to share knowledge and experience in the design, development, implementation, management and evaluation of such systems. Access to full-text articles is free, and which are provided as Adobe pdf files.

Journal of Machine Learning Research (JMLR)
Provides an international forum for the electronic and paper publication of high-quality scholarly articles in all areas of machine learning. Free access to all articles to all users, online.

Funded by USAID, LearnLink uses information, communication and educational technologies to strengthen learning systems essential for sustainable development. Offers a good range of online resources that pertain to the use of modern communication technology and multimedia, including computer assisted instruction, distance education, community communication centres, and e-commerce online.

TerraLib is a GIS classes and functions library, available from the Internet as open source, allowing a collaborative environment and its use for the development of multiple GIS tools. Its main aim is to enable the development of a new generation of GIS applications, based on the technological advances on spatial databases. TerraLib is free software available to any users wishing to download it.


Algebraic & Geometric Topology
AGT is a fully refereed journal covering all of topology, understood broadly. AGT is published in free electronic format by Geometry and Topology Publications, with papers appearing a few days after acceptance. AGT is freely available online to all users.

Documenta Mathematica
SPARC partner mathematics journal co-hosted between the University of Beielefeld in Germany and The University of Urbana in the US. (for more details about SPARC, please see below). All articles are free to access for all users.

DML: Digital Mathematics Library
This site, prepared and maintained by Ulf Rehmann, contains links to 1822 digitized maths books (361524 pages) and 126 digitized maths journals (2609672 pages) searchable by author or title.

e-Math for Africa
The aim of this site is to coordinate the efforts to make an African consortium for e-journals and databases.It includes 200+ links to open journals in mathematics and access to several mathematics databases.

Geometry and Topology
Fully refereed international journal dealing with all aspects of geometry and topology and their applications. Geometry and Topology is free to access to all users in its electronic format.

International Mathematics Union (IMU)
Free access to Bulletins and Newsletters from the International Methematics Unions and its members. The newsletter aims to improve communication between IMU and the worldwide mathematical community, by reporting decisions and recommendations of IMU, and highlighting issues that are under discussion. In addition, IMU-Net will report on major international mathematical events and developments, and on other topics of general mathematical interest. Also of interest are the Electronic World Directory of Mathematicians and the Federated World Directory of Mathematicians (FWDM).

Mathematics Preprint Server
Permanent web archive and rapid distribution medium for research articles in the field of mathematics. The preprint server is open to all users and will include final-version articles as well as reports on work in progress. Additionally, articles can be ranked and commented on in discussion threads. Authors are free to update or withdraw their preprints from the server, as well as to submit their articles for publication to their preferred journal. Users can freely browse and search the website but will be asked to login upon submitting preprints. Since 24 May 2004 MPS has stopped accepting new submissions but will remain a freely available and permanent web archive for those mathematics research articles already submitted.

Project Euclid
Joint project between Cornell University and SPARC, Project Euclid's mission is to advance scholarly communication in the field of theoretical and applied mathematics and statistics. Project Euclid hopes to address the unique needs of low-cost independent and society journals. Through a collaborative partnership arrangement, these publishers join forces and participate in an online presence with advanced functionality, without sacrificing their intellectual or economic independence or commitment to low subscription prices. Full-text searching, reference linking, interoperability through the Open Archives Initiative, and long-term retention of data are all important components of the project.

World Digital Mathematics Library
The Committee on Electronic Information and Communication (CEIC) of the International Mathematical Union has made a commitment to coordinate efforts to achieve a world-wide digital library. The aim of this ongoing project is to digitize the past mathematical literature in order to make it available online whilst at the same time linking it to current literature in suitable ways.


American Medical Association (AMA)
The scientific publications of the American Medical Association, through HINARI (Health InterNetwork Access to Research Initiative), are made available to the poorer countries of the world at very low rates. Scientific journal titles include: The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA); Archives of Dermatology; Archives of Facial Plastic Surgery; Archives of General Psychiatry; Archives of Internal Medicine; Archives of Neurology; Archives of Ophthalmology; Archives of Otolaryngology--Head and Neck Surgery; Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine and Archives of Surgery.

Bentham Science
All of Bentham Science's journals published in the year 2000, 2001 and 6 months of 2002 are now available FREE on-line in full text PDF form in collaboration with INGENTA. This unique offer is ONLY available in the year 2004.

BioMed Central
BioMed Central offers online publishing of articles in all areas of original biomedical research with full peer review and open access. Submission is online and authors retain copyright. All original articles are published in one of the BioMed Central journals (over 100 Open Access journals covering all areas of Biology and Medicine), as well as being posted without delay on PubMed Central and indexed in PubMed.

BMJ Journals
Free access to the electronic version of the British Medical Journal Publishing Group's 25 specialist journals now including Evidence-based journals. These are freely accessible to anybody in the 100 poorest countries in the world. Users should follow the standard subscription procedures as the BMJ subscription system will automatically recognise the origin of access. See also
Free to search Abstract database from the US National Cancer Institute.

CHID - Combined Health Information Database
Bibliographic database produced by health-related agencies of the US Government. This database provides titles, abstracts, and availability information for health information and health education resources. Coverage includes AIDS, Cancer and Health Promotion & Education. CHID lists a wealth of health promotion and education materials and program descriptions that are not indexed elsewhere.

DynaMed is a clinical reference with more than 1800 topics. For each topic, using a standardised template and outline format, clinically relevant evidence is summarised. Summaries are updated daily as a significant volume of research literature is systematically monitored to understand the methods -- see  .For information on access procedures, e-mail and for information on contributing as a reviewer or author, e-mail

ERA - Electronic Research Archive
An international health and e-print server organised by The Lancet. Through ERA, The Lancet is committed to making educational resources accessible to clinicians in resource-poor countries. This electronic research archive in international health enables authors to self-archive research relevant to medicine in the developing world, with subsequent comments on the research posted alongside.

Taking its name from the fact that it comprises journals that are 'extra' to MEDLINE, ExtraMED focuses on over 300 journals that are largely excluded from the international indexes. The ExtraMED Consortium of Journals was originally selected through WHO's various Index Medicus projects. It is thus by far the largest source of full text biomedical literature from developing countries. Provides the database to developing country users for free or at very low cost.

The AMEDEO Group are now making many important medical textbooks available online, free and in full-text. 1 Currently 600 titles are included in the service, sorted by speciality and title. FreeBooks4Doctors! also provides a free alert service as new titles are added.

Free Medical Journals
The Free Medical Journals Site is dedicated to the promotion of free access to medical journals over the Internet. Currently1380 full-text journals sorted by subject, language, and title, as well as highlight free journals with high impact factors. There is also a mailing list to alert you as new free journals are added to their list.

Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research
Collection of open access and free journals in a wide range of medical disciplines.

Health InterNetwork Access to Research Initiative (HINARI)
HINARI provides a vast library of the latest and best information on public health: more than 2,000 scientific publications, one of the world's largest collections of biomedical literature.

HighWire Press: Sources of free On-Line full text articles and journals
HighWire Press work with scholarly societies and responsible publishers to host their content online. They do not own the material, nor do they set the journals' policies. HighWire contains 742,863 free full-text articles as of July 2004. HighWire Press at Stanford University develops and maintains the Web versions of important journals in biomedicine and other disciplines. A list of journals with free full-text articles online is available. See also lists the journals published online with the assistance of HighWire Press which offer free online access to current content (not just back issues) to all countries that appear in the World Bank's list of "low income economies" (plus Djibouti).

Human Genomics  
Researchers in the developing world are provided  with free online access  to this unique bimonthly journal dedicated to providing a forum for the publication of primary research and reviews relating to the application of genomic research in drug discovery and medicine. Detailed subject areas covered by the journal include: pharmacogenomics, association studies, functional genomics, expression profiling, proteomics, bioinformatics, animal models, statistical genetics, genetic epidemiology and human population genetics. For more information on the journal see If you would like more information on registering for free access please contact Liz Caldwell:

INASP-Health is a cooperative network of more than 1000 organisations and individuals worldwide, working together to improve access to relevant, reliable information for health professionals in developing and emerging countries. Participation is free of charge and without obligation. INASP-Health provides the following services for the international health information community:

INASP Health Links
A Gateway to selected Web sites of special interest to health professionals, medical library communities, publishers, and NGOs in developing and transitional countries. It covers General Resources (search engines, gateways, bibliographic databases, abstracts, clinical trials databases, research networks, dictionaries, glossaries, disease classifications, evidence based medicine, full-text E-books, image collections, journals, newsletters, medical education resources, news, useful email lists, and WHO sites); plus Subject Index (e.g. Anaesthesiology, Basic Sciences, Dermatology, HIV/AIDS etc.); plus Library and Publishing Support and Use of ICTs (Information for
Development, Internet Skills, Medical Informatics/E-Health, Publishing Tools).

India’s contribution in the areas of biomedical research and health care has been significant and conforming to international standards. However, only a small fraction of it is available for reference through international bibliographic databases. In an effort to redress this imbalance, the National Informatics Centre of India has developed INDMED. Initially this site offers access to the tables of contents and abstracts of 75 leading Indian journals. More journals would be added to the list as their quality improves in coming years. Access to this database is free and open to all users. See also for a one point resource of peer reviewed Indian biomedical literature covering full text of IndMED journals.

Journal of Medical Internet Research
Founded in 1999, is the first international scientific peer-reviewed journal on all aspects of research, information and communication in the healthcare field using Internet and Intranet-related technologies. Free access to all articles to all users, online. Full text content of the journal is also available from Bioline International.

Journal of Nursing Leadership
The complete version of this peer-reviewed leadership, management and best practices journal is available in electronic format for use by faculty and students at no charge. Access by all computers on an institution's network is set up through IP Authentication. For further details contact:

Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
A multidisciplinary quarterly biomedical journal, is one of the oldest medical journals from India. The journal is official publication of the Staff Society of Seth G. S. Medical College and K. E. M. Hospital, Mumbai, India. The website of the journal provides free access to full text of articles from 1990. Free access to all articles to all users, online.

Landes BioScience
Medical handbooks(55)available in pdf to medical libraries in the developing world at no charge. is described as a digital library of authoritative medical information for all students of medicine. It is meant to serve as a "pico portal" for users interested in quality medical resources on the Internet. Contains over 250 medical textbooks arranged alphabetically in topics from Anatomy to Urology. Each textbook included is free to use, in part or in whole

New England Journal of Medicine
The New England Journal of Medicine is available to over 60 countries (listed on their web site) under its "Access for Low-Income Countries" program. Users from these countries will be recognised automatically by their IP addresses and allowed access to full text without charge.

POPLINE Database
POPLINE, the world's largest bibliographic database on population, family planning, and related issues, is now available free of charge on the Internet. All 280,000 citations, representing published and unpublished literature, can be accessed for no charge. Individuals from developing countries can request up to 15 fulltext documents per day through the document delivery service.

Ptolemy Project
A research partnership between the Office of International Surgery at the University of Toronto and members of the Association of Surgeons of East Africa (ASEA), combines the provision of access to high quality electronic health information with a process to evaluate its impact for the participants. It aims to answer the question, does access to full-text health information have a positive effect on surgical practice, teaching and research in East Africa.

PubMed, a service of the National Library of Medicine, includes over 14 million citations for biomedical articles back to the 1950's. These citations are from MEDLINE and additional life science journals. PubMed includes links to many sites providing full text articles and other related resources. To access the full text available, please make sure that the box "Free full-text only" is ticked when you perform your search.

The U.S. National Library of Medicine's digital archive of life sciences journal literature claims to offer open access to over 80,000 articles from over 100 journals. Access to much of the full text on PMC is free and unrestricted. A journal may make its content available in PMC as soon as it is published, or it may delay its release in PMC for a specified period after initial publication. Current PMC journals have delays ranging up to two years, with most releasing their material six months or less after publication.

Royal College of Psychiatrists (UK)
The Royal College of Psychiatrists allows free access to the online full-text version of its three journals ('British Journal of Psychiatry', 'Psychiatric Bulletin' and 'Advances in Psychiatric Treatment') to 75 different developing countries.

SciELO Public Health
Public Health is an electronic library online covering health science articles published by scientific journals. Its primary goal is to provide universal and integrated access to scientific journals in the health science area within Ibero-American countries.

Washington DC Principles
Forty-eight non-profit publishers of 380 journals each year, representing more than 600,000 members of medical and scientific societies, and posting 800,000 articles on line each year, of which more than 440,000 are free, have signed the "Washington DC Principles for Free Access to Science," whose gist is:

·         Selected important articles of interest are free online from the time of publication;

·         The full text of our journals is freely available to everyone worldwide either immediately or within months of publication, depending on each publisher's business and publishing requirements;

·         The content of our journals is available free to scientists working in many low-income nations;

A list of the journals can be found at

WHO Medicines Bookshelf CD-ROM
This CD ROM contains over 350 medicines-related publications, in English, French and Spanish, taken primarily from materials published by the World Health Organisation's Department of Essential Drugs and Medicines Policy (EDM). It covers:- access to essential medicines - rational use of medicines - national drug policy - quality and safety issues - traditional medicine. Core publications from other sources are also included. For those in areas where Internet access is particularly slow or is unavailable, the Bookshelf has been designed to serve as a self-contained medicines' information resource. The Library includes the WHO Model Formulary, and the Library interface serves as a seamless gateway to a wide range of useful web sites, such as WHO clinical guidelines and United Nations price information resources. The Bookshelf is available free of charge. For a copy, please write to: EDM Documentation Centre, Department of Essential Drugs and Medicines Policy, Health Technology and Pharmaceuticals, World Health Organization, Avenue Appia 20 CH-1211 Geneva 27 Switzerland E-mail:

WHO Reproductive Health Library
Now in its seventh edition, this electronic review journal focuses on evidence-based solutions to reproductive health problems. RHL includes the full text of systematic reviews produced by the Cochrane Collaboration, with commentaries on implications for practice, as well as the Lancet epidemiology series on randomised controlled trials, videos on implementation, and other resources to help improve reproductive health. A subscription to the WHO Reproductive Health Library is free to individuals in developing countries by sending the request to the e-mail address:


Ground-breaking pre-print server in selected physics, computer science, maths and neuroscience disciplines. Contains 100,000's articles submitted by members of the user community. Free access to all papers to all users.

Over 650,000 bibliographic records, including 320,000 fulltext documents, of interest to people working in particle physics and related areas. Covers preprints, articles, books, journals, photographs, and much more.

Living Reviews in Relativity
A refereed solely electronic journal offering reviews in all areas of relativity, including an extensive reference database. Published by the Albert Einstein Institute Max-Planck-Institute for gravitational physics in Germany. Free access to all articles to all users, online.

NASA Astrophysics Data System
The Astrophysics Data System (ADS) is a NASA-funded project that provides free access to over 300,000 free full-text articles in astronomy and astrophysics. Most of the major astronomical journals are included. In many cases articles published in the current year are not available through ADS. Articles are available in PDF, GIF, or other electronic formats.

New Journal of Physics
New Journal of Physics is co-owned by the Institute of Physics and Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft, and is supported by a growing number of physical societies around the world. NJP is available without charge to readers and is funded by article charges from authors of published papers.


Best of Science
The Best of Science is a free-access scientific publication of preprints and peer-reviewed articles. It is publishing in five major fields split in thousands of special areas: Exact Sciences, Technologies, Biological Sciences, Medical Sciences and Human Sciences. Best of Science authors pay for the publishing process of papers and preprints. Fees are low and especially adapted to respond to the geographical origins of the authors. Papers can be published 1 week after reception. Access to the journal is wholly free.

Consortium-based hub providing access to quality resources on the Internet in the fields of agriculture, food, forestry, pharmaceutical sciences, medicine, nursing, dentistry, biological research, veterinary sciences, the natural world, botany, zoology, and more. It consists of five subject gateways, which are cross-searchable and cross-browsable. The service is coordinated by the University of Nottingham, who are joined by a formidable range of high profile partners and content providers from the UK health and life science sectors.

A free e-mail service which delivers Elsevier Science book and journal tables of contents directly to your PC, providing you with the very latest information on soon-to-be published research. Imprints covered by this service are Elsevier, Pergamon, North Holland and Excerpta Medica. Registration to ContentsDirect also entitles you to unlimited free access to Sample Copies Online using the same username and password.

eJDS - eJournals Delivery Service
The Abdus Salam ICTP/TWAS Donation Programme, in collaboration with the ICTP Scientific Computer Section and ICTP Library, is developing a prototype information retrieval system called eJDS: eJournals Delivery Service. This is geared to facilitate the access to current scientific literature for scientists in institutions in Third World Countries who have low bandwidth internet facilities. Titles are included from Academic Press, the American Physical Society, Institute of Physics Publishing and World Scientific.

DC Principles
An initiative by some of the world's leading society and other not-for-profit publishers to 'free up' access to science by making their online journal content free after an agreed period of time.

An open access international and interdisciplinary journal of entropy and information sciences, publishes peer-refereed reviews, regular research papers and short notes. Entropy's aim is to encourage scientists to publish as much as possible their theoretical and experimental details. Entropy follows the guidelines of the Budapest Open Access Initiative.

Google Directory
Comprehensive trawl of web sites offering free science publications

Indian Academy of Sciences
The prestigious peer-reviewed journals of the Indian Academy of Sciences are available online free to all users. The first issue of the Academy Proceedings appeared in July 1934. Publications cover the physical sciences, life sciences, physics, mathematics, chemistry, earth and planetary sciences, plant sciences, animal sciences, and modern biology, materials science, astrophysics and astronomy, genetics plus the journal Resonance, aimed at improving the quality of science education and teaching. Access to all of these journals is free and open to all users.

International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
A non-governmental research organisation conducting inter-disciplinary scientific studies on environmental, economic, technological and social issues in the context of human dimensions of global change, IIASA's charter stipulates that all its research findings should be freely disseminated worldwide. The full-text of the institute's publications can be downloaded from its website at: at no charge. The contents of this catalogue can be browsed by author, date, project, subject or type, or the required publication can be located using a simple keyword search. A free quarterly newsletter, Options, is also available from: IIASA is a member of ICSU.

Journal of the Indian Institute of Science
The Journal of the Indian Institute of Science was started in 1914 with the objective of publishing quality research papers in science and engineering. Research papers and review articles are selected through a stringent peer review process overseen by the editorial board. The Journal is a multi-faceted publication with content likely to be of interest to research students as well as academic and R & D professionals. Free and open access to all articles for all users.

National Academy Press
Over 2,800 reports, e-newsletters and journals from US National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, the Institute of Medicine, and the National Research Council.

Platinum Metals Review
Quarterly journal of research on the platinum metals and of developments in their application in industry.

Public Library of Science (PLOS)
A non-profit organisation of scientists committed to making the world's scientific and medical literature a public resource. PLoS currently plans to begin publishing two new journals - working titles PLoS Biology and PLoS Medicine - publishing the best peer-reviewed original research articles, timely reviews and commentary. PLoS Biology launched its first issue on October 13, 2003, in print and online. PLoS Medicine will follow in autumn 2004. The PLoS journals will retain all of the important features of scientific journals, including rigorous peer-review and high editorial and production standards, but will use a new publishing model that will allow PLoS to make all published works immediately available online, with no charges for access or restrictions on subsequent redistribution or use.

SciDevNet provides a variety of topical news, views and information about science, technology and development, including coverage of developments in Latin America, the Middle East, South and East Asia, and Sub-Saharan Africa, for which it offers a series of regional gateways. There are also book reviews, notices about meetings, grants and jobs, together with links to scientific organisations, news sources, journals, and aid/funding agencies.

SciELO Scientific Electronic Library Online
The objective of the site is to implement an electronic virtual library, providing full access to a collection of serial titles (from Brazil, Cuba and Chile in a broad range of subjects languages ie Portuguese, Spanish and English), a collection of issues from individual serial titles, as well as to the full text of articles. The access to both serial titles and articles is available via indexes and search forms. No charge is made.

Science and Technology Sources on the Internet. There is Such a Thing as a Free Lunch: Freely Accessible Databases for the Public (by Sandy Lewis)
A good descriptive inventory of databases that produce lists of citations to scientific literature, and which are freely accessible. In addition to the major free databases such as UnCover, Agricola, Medline, etc. it also includes searchable databases from learned societies, government agencies, electronic journal publishers, and various discussion groups-all freely accessible.

A specialist search engine for scientific, technical and medial information sources. It offers two types of services: Web sources provide information for which no subscription or online registration is required. Scirus searches the entire Web and excludes sites with no scientific content. Examples of Web sources are university Web sites, learned society pages, scientists home pages, preprint servers, commercial companies, etc. Membership sources are information sources for which either a paid subscription or online registration is required, and often including peer-reviewed scientific information not directly accessible by standard search engines.

PSCI-Com - Public Communication of Science  
A guide to quality Internet resources on public engagement with science and technology
psci-com offers free access to a searchable catalogue of Internet sites covering public engagement in science, science communication and the interpretation of science in society.

PSIgate is a free service that offers access to high quality Web resources in the physical sciences; there are currently 12154 resources in astronomy, chemistry, earth sciences, materials sciences, physics, and science history and policy

World History of Science Online
The “World History of Science Online: databases of bibliographical and archival sources” project involves the 49 member countries of the The International Union of History and Philosophy of Science/Division of History of Science (IUHPS/DHS), its 17 scientific commissions as well as 5 international scientific unions with which the DHS has joint commissions. The project will provide online access to bibliographies and catalogues of archival sources on history of science already prepared or in preparation in the IUHPS member countries, and will encourage new work with the prospect of prompt web access.


Behavioural and Brain Sciences
Totally open archive journal where users can submit papers, commentaries, responses and search the archive for papers in all fields of the Brain/Behavioural Sciences. Access to all articles is free to all users.

Leading electronic archive for self-archive papers in any area of psychology, neuroscience, and linguistics, and areas of computer science, philosophy, biology, the physical, social and mathematical sciences that are pertinent to the study of cognition.

Biblioteca Virtual de Ciencias Sociales de América Latina y el Caribe
An initiative of the Latin American Council of Social Sciences (Consejo Latinoamericano de Ciencias Sociales, CLACSO) providing free access to 1,800 full-text books, periodical articles, conference proceeding and also to databases with information about publications, research projects and researchers working in its network of 130 social science research institutions in 19 countries of Latin America and the Caribbean.

See also Development 

Educause Quarterly  
Educause (formerly Cause/Effect) is a freely accessible practitioner's journal containing articles that relate to planning, developing, using, and evaluating information resources in higher education, covering aspects such as information systems development, user services, telecommunications and networking, database administration, and instructional technology development and co-ordination.

Electronic Development and Environment Information System (ELDIS) (hosted with Devline)
The British Library of Development Studies's electronic information service for development professionals, including resources directory, Email discussions, links to databases, library catalogues, bibliographies, etc

ELSSS - the Electronic Society for Social Scientists
A not-for-profit organisation aimed "at solving the ever deepening crisis in scholarly and scientific communication created by the pricing policies of some commercial publishers that have forced libraries in the developed world to cut their journal portfolios and to slash their book collection and that have priced developing and transition economies out of the knowledge loop altogether." The first ELSSS journal - due Spring 2003 - will be available at no cost to all University Libraries and non-profit research centres in developing and transition countries.

GDNet's Free Journals Access Portal For Social Sciences 
Global Development Network-North America's new Free Journal Access Portal enables social science researchers based in developing or transitional countries to access a searchable, full-text, online database of more than 120 well-known social-science journals, free of charge. It is made available to GDNet Profile holders by the Center for Global Development and the Global Development Network-North America (GDN-NA), in cooperation with Project MUSE of the John Hopkins University Press.

International Development Research Centre (IDRC)
Access to the collection of online reports and magazines from the IDRC, Canada.
The International Journal of Education and Development using Information and Communication Technology
IJEDICT is an e-journal that provides free and open access to all of its content and aims to strengthen links between research and practice in ICT in education and development in hitherto less developed parts of the world, e.g., developing countries (especially small states), and rural and remote regions of developed countries. The emphasis is on providing a space for researchers, practitioners and theoreticians to jointly explore ideas using an eclectic mix of research methods and disciplines. It brings together research, action research and case studies in order to assist in the transfer of best practice, the development of policy and the creation of theory. Thus, IJEDICT is of interest to a wide-ranging audience of researchers, policy-makers, practitioners, government officers and other professionals involved in education or development in communities throughout the world.

International Journal on Multicultural Societies
The IJMS provides a platform for international, interdisciplinary and policy-related social science research in the fields of migration, multiculturalism, and minority rights. Established by UNESCO's social sciences research and policy division in 1998, it aims at improving the linkages between academic communities in various regions and across different social science disciplines. One of its particular features is to promote the policy-relevance of social science research. Each issue is devoted to a coherent thematic debate on a key issue in the field of migration and multiculturalism.

Multilingual Matters/Channel View Publications
Multilingual Matters is one of the world leaders in research on multilingualism and minority language rights. Multilingual Matters/Channel View Publications are offering free electronic access to journals for institutional subscribers in countries of "low human development" as defined by the Human Development Index.

A refereed international, interdisciplinary electronic journal sponsored by the American Psychological Association (APA) and indexed by APA's PsycINFO and the Institute for Scientific Information. Psycoloquy publishes articles and peer commentary in all areas of psychology as well as cognitive science, neuroscience, behavioural biology, artificial intelligence, robotics/vision, linguistics and philosophy.

Social Science Information Gateway (SOSIG)  
Excellent on-line catalogue of thousands of high-quality Internet resources relevant to social science education and research. Every resource has been selected and described by a librarian or subject specialist; search or browse the catalogue.

Social Sciences Virtual Library  
Part of the World Wide Web Virtual Library, this is a major gateway for social science resources on the Internet, covering directories and databases, electronic journals, societies and professional associations, and an extensive section of social science resources grouped by over a hundred subjects, including regional studies.

World Development Sources (World Bank)
World Development Sources (WDS) is a web based text search and retrieval system which contains a collection of over 14,000 World Bank reports most of which are scanned and are available in imaged format, which you can access via a web browser and search through a multi-field search engine. These include Project appraisal reports, Economic and Sector Works, Evaluation reports, studies and working papers.

WWW Library: Women's History  
Maintained by the International Institute of Social History in the Netherlands, this is an extensive links collection of Web resources on women's history, including women's history institutions and organizations, libraries and archives, journals for women's studies, upcoming conferences, discussion lists, together with subject or region specific listings (e.g. African History, Asian History, Women Artists, Women in Media, Women in Medicine and Nursing, Women in Music, Women in Science and Engineering, Women Writers, etc.) which can be browsed or searched. This is a good starting point for searching the Internet for women's studies in general, and women's writing.


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